Mastering Sanskrit Asana Names: Free Online Course


Greetings, my lovely Yogis, Yoginis, and Yoga teachers. I’m George Watts, a BWY yoga teacher and creator of the online Yoga Genie Lesson Planner. If you’ve always wanted to learn how to pronounce Asanas in Sanskrit and memorise them, you’ve come to the right place.

George WattsWelcome to my free online “Mastering Sanskrit Asana Names” course. It’s a course designed by me (an experienced Yoga teacher) for myself. Yep, for little old me. But now, instead of the course gathering dust on my hard drive, I’d like the course with you, my fellow Yoga teacher, to help deepen your understanding and mastery of the Sanskrit language used to describe yoga poses.

As you well know, Sanskrit is considered to be a sacred language in India and has been used in spiritual practices for thousands of years.

I believe that learning the Sanskrit names of yoga poses can deepen our connection to the spiritual roots of yoga and help us to approach teaching yoga with a deeper awareness. George Watts

I designed this course to be used as a “reference” that you can bookmark and return to over and over again for years to come. So, don’t feel rushed. Learn at your own pace.

If you haven’t taken a Sanskrit course before, you’re almost certainly pronouncing most of the Sanskrit asana names incorrectly, even Adho Mukha Svanasana. Yep. Trust me, you are. And so was I.

In part I of the course, you’ll discover how to pronounce Asanas in Sanskrit. I’ve included the top 101 poses that Yoga teachers include in their classes. I’ve organised the pronunciations in batches by English, Sanskrit, Standing poses, Seated & Floor poses, Animal poses and Anatomy.

So, why have I batched the learning like that?

Because one of the best techniques for learning a language is “batch learning“. Batch learning is effective for learning Asana Sanskrit because it lets you memorise multiple poses at once, leading to better recall and retention. By grouping poses together, the brain is able to make connections between them and reinforce the memory of each pose, leading to a deeper understanding and faster recall.

In part II of the course, you’ll discover how to use the Memory Palace technique to improve your recall of the Sanskrit Asana names. This amazing technique turns boring learning into an enjoyable game for effortless recall.

Table Of Contents

Part I: How To Pronounce Asanas In Sanskrit

Part II: How To Recall Asanas In Sanskrit Using The Memory Palace



*** This free course has taken me well over 50 hours to create. Instead of me asking you for a donation for the course, please consider getting 101 Mini Yoga Cards: With Asana Sanskrit Pronunciations. These yoga cards will speed up your learning and turn the learning into a fun game.

Part I: How To Pronounce Asanas In Sanskrit. 101 Asanas. 101 Pronunciations.

How To Pronounce Asanas In Sanskrit
101 Asana Sanskrit Names & Pronunciations (organise by English name & Sanskrit)

Syllable: The syllable to put the emphasis on is CAPITALISED.

Here’s a list of the 101 most popular Asanas (view by English or Sanskrit name)

 *** This free course has taken me well over 50 hours to create. Instead of me asking you for a donation for the course, please consider getting Speak Yoga: 101 Asana Sanskrit Pronunciation Flashcards for Beginner to Yogi. The flashcards will speed up your learning and turn the learning into a fun game. 

Bharadvaja's TwistBharadvajasanabah-rud-vaa-JAA-suh-nah
Big Toe PosePadangusthasanapah-dahn-goose-TAHS-uh-nah
Boat PoseNavasananah-VAHS-uh-nah
Bound Angle Pose (Butterfly, Cobbler, Throne)Baddha KonasanaBAH-dah kon-AHS-uh-nah
Bound Extended Side AngleBaddha Utthita ParsvakonasanaBAH-dah oo-TEE-tah parsh-vah-kon-AHS-uh-nah
Bound Revolved Side AngleParivrtta Baddha Parsvakonasanapar-ee-vrit-tah BAH-dah parsh-vah-kon-AHS-uh-nah
Bound Triangle PoseBaddha TrikonasanaBAH-dah tree-koh-NAH-suh-nah
Bow PoseDhanurasanaDAHN-yur-AHS-uh-nah
Bridge PoseDwi Pada PithamDWI pah-DAH PIT-ham
Bridge PoseSetu Bandha SarvangasanaSAY-too BAHN-duh SAR-vahn-GAHS-uh-nah
Butterfly PoseBaddha KonasanaBAH-dah cone-AHS-uh-nah
Butterfly Twist PoseArdha MatsyendrasanaAHR-duh MOTS-yen-DRAHS-uh-nah
Camel PoseUstrasanaOOSH-trah-suh-nah
Cat PoseMarjaryasanamar-jar-ee-AHS-uh-nah
Chair PoseUtkatasanaoot-kah-TAHS-uh-nah
Child's PoseBalasanabah-LAHS-uh-nah
Cobra PoseBhujangasanaboo-jang-GAHS-uh-nah
Corpse PoseSavasanashuh-VAHS-uh-nah
Cow Face PoseGomukhasanago-moo-KHAHS-uh-nah
Cradle Baby PoseHindolasanahin-doh-LAHS-uh-nah
Crane PoseBakasanabah-KAHS-uh-nah
Crocodile PoseMakarasanamah-kah-RAHS-uh-nah
Crow PoseKakasanaKAH-kuh-suh-nah
Dead Bug PoseSupta Baddha KonasanaSOOP-tuh BAH-duh KOH-nuh-suh-nah
Dolphin PoseArdha Pincha MayurasanaARE-duh PEEK-cha my-your-AHS-uh-nah
Downward-Facing Dog PoseAdho Mukha SvanasanaAH-doh MOO-kuh shvah-NAHS-uh-nah
Eagle PoseGarudasanagah-rue-DAHS-uh-nah
Easy PoseSukhasanasoo-KAH-suh-nah
Easy Side BendParsva SukhasanaPARSH-vah soo-KAH-suh-nah
Eye Of The Needle PoseSucirandhrasanasoo-chee-rahn-drah-suh-nah
Extended Puppy PoseUttana Shishosanaoo-TAH-nuh shee-SHO-suh-nah
Extended Triangle PoseUtthita Trikonasanaoo-TEE-tah tree-koh-NAHS-uh-nah
Fish PoseMatsyasanamaht-see-AHS-uh-nah
Four Limbed Staff PoseChaturanga Dandasanachah-tur-ANG-uh don-DAHS-uh-nah
Frog PoseBhekasanabhek-AHS-uh-nah
Garland PoseMalasanamah-LAHS-uh-nah
Gate PoseParighasanapuh-REE-guh-suh-nah
Half Boat PoseArdha NavasanaARE-dah nah-vahs-uh-nah
Half Butterfly PoseArdha Badha KonasanaARE-dah BAH-dah kon-AHS-uh-nah
Half Frog poseArdha BhekasanaAre-dah bee-kahs-uh-nah
Half Happy Baby PoseArdha Ananda BalasanaARE-dah a-nan-dah BAH-lah-suh-nah
Half Moon PoseArdha ChandrasanaARE-duh chahn-DRAHS-uh-nah
Half Pigeon PoseArdha KapotasanaARE-duh kah-poh-TAHS-uh-nah
Half Shoulderstand PoseArdha SarvangasanaARE-dah shar-vahn-GAHS-uh-nah
Handstand PoseAdho Mukha VrksasanaAH-doh MOO-kuh vrik-SHAHS-uh-nah
Happy Baby PoseAnanda Balasanauh-NAHN-duh BAH-lah-suh-nah
Hare PoseShashankasanashuh-SHUN-kuh-suh-nah
Headstand PoseSirsasanasheer-SHAHS-uh-nah
Head to Knee PoseJanu Sirsasanajah-NEW shear-SHAHS-uh-nah
Hero PoseVirasanaveer-AHS-uh-nah
Heron PoseKrounchasanakrow-CHAN-uh-suh-nah
King Pigeon PoseKapotasanakah-poh-TAHS-uh-nah
Knee To Ear PoseKarnapidasanakar-nuh-pee-DAHS-uh-nah
Kneeling Half Moon PoseArdha ChandrasanaARE-dah chan-DRAHS-uh-nah
Knees to Chest PoseApanasanaah-pah-nah-suh-nah
Legs Up The Wall PoseViparita Karanivip-par-ee-tah kah-RAH-nee
Lion PoseSimhasanasim-HAHS-uh-nah
Lizard Lunge PoseUtthan Pristhasanaoo-TAHN prish-TAHS-uh-nah
Locust PoseSalabhasanasha-la-BAHS-uh-nah
Lord of the Dance PoseNatarajasananot-ah-raj-AHS-uh-nah
Lotus PosePadmasanapod-MAHS-anna
Low Lunge PoseAnjaneyasanaAHN-jah-nay-AHS-uh-nah
Marichi PoseMarichyasanamah-ree-chee-AHS-uh-nah
Monkey Splits PoseHanumanasanahah-new-MAH-nah-suh-nah
Mountain PoseTadasanatah-DAHS-anna
Noose PosePasasanapah-SHAHS-anna
One Handed Tiger PoseEka Hasta VyaghrasanaEH-kah PAH-dah vee-AH-grah-suh-nah
One-Legged Tiger PoseEka Pada VyaghrasanaEH-kah PAH-dah vee-AH-grah-suh-nah
Peacock PoseMayurasanamy-your-AHS-uh-nah
Pigeon (Kneeling Back-bend) PoseKapotasanakah-poh-TAHS-anna
Plank PosePhalakasanapah-LAH-kah-suh-nah
Plough Pose (Plow)Halasanahah-LAHS-anna
Prayer Squat PoseNamaskarasanaNah-mah-skar-AHS-uh-nah
Prostration PoseNaman Pranamasananah-MAHN prah-nuh-MAHS-uh-nah
Pyramid PoseParsvottanasanaparsh-voh-tahn-AHS-anna
Rabbit PoseSasangasanasha-SANG-gah-suh-nah
Reclined Hand-to-Big-Toe Pose ASupta Padangusthasana ASOOP-tuh pah-DAHN-goo-stahs-uh-nah
Reclined Hero PoseSupta VirasanaSOOP-tuh veer-AHS-uh-nah
Reverse Pigeon PoseEka Pada RajakapotasanaEH-kah PAH-dah rah-JAH-kah-poh-TAHS-uh-nah
Revolved Head-to-Knee PoseParivrtta Janu SirsasanaPAHR-ee-VREE-tah JAH-noo shear-SHAHS-uh-nah
Revolved Triangle PoseParivrtta Trikonasanapar-ee-vrit-tah tree-koh-NAHS-anna
Revolved Staff PoseParivritta Dandasanapar-ee-vrit-tah dahn-dah-suh-nah
Revolved Seated Angle PoseParivrtta Upavistha Konasanapa-ree-VRI-tah oo-pah-VEESH-tah cone-AHS-uh-nah
Sage PoseMarichyasanamah-REE-chee-AHS-uh-nah
Sage Koundinya I PoseEka Pada Koundinyasana Ieh-kah pah-dah koon-dee-nee-AHS-anna
Sage Twist PoseMarichyasana IIImah-REE-chee-AHS-uh-nah
Scorpion PoseVrschikasanavrik-SHAHS-anna
Seated Forward Bend PosePaschimottanasanaPOSH-ee-moh-tahn-AHS-anna
Shoulderstand PoseSarvangasanasar-van-GAHS-anna
Side Plank PoseVasisthasanaVAH-shees-THAH-suh-nah
Staff PoseDandasanadahn-DAHS-uh-nah
Triangle PoseTrikonasanatrik-cone-AHS-uh-nah
Upward Bow PoseUrdhva DhanurasanaOORD-vah don-your-AHS-uh-nah
Upward Facing Dog PoseUrdhva Mukha SvanasanaOORD-vah MOO-kuh shvan-AHS-uh-nah
Upward Plank PosePurvottanasanapoor-voh-tuhn-AHS-uh-nah
Warrior I, II, III PoseVirabhadrasanaveer-uh-buh-DRAHS-uh-nah
Wide-Angle Seated Forward Bend PoseUpavistha Konasanaoo-pah-VEESH-tah cone-AHS-uh-nah
Wheel PoseChakrasanachahk-RAHS-uh-nah
Wild Thing PoseCamatkarasanacah-maht-kah-RAH-sah-nah
Wind Release PoseSupta PawanmuktasanaSOOP-tah pah-van-muk-TAHS-anna
Wind Relieving PosePavanamuktasanaPAH-vuh-nuh-mook-tuh-suh-nah
Windmill Pose Parivrtta Prasarita Padottanasanapah-ree-vrit-tah pra-sa-ree-tah pah-doh-tahn-AHS-uh-nah
Asana Sanskrit Names & Pronunciations Organised By STANDING Poses

Pronounce Dancer Pose In Sanskrit
Here are the Asana Sanskrit Names and pronunciations organised STANDING poses.

Standing Asanas

Dancer Pose Natarajasananah-tah-RAH-jah-suh-nahBackbend
Crescent Lunge PoseAnjaneyasanauhn-jahn-AY-uh-suh-nahBackbend
Reversed Warrior PoseViparita Virabhadrasanavee-pah-REE-tah veer-ah-bah-DRAHS-uh-nahBackbend
Standing Backbend PoseAnuvittasanaah-noo-vee-TAH-suh-nahBackbend
Upward Bow PoseUrdhva DhanurasanaOORD-vuh DAHN-yur-AHS-uh-nahBackbend
Crow PoseBakasanabah-KAH-suh-nahBalance
Dancer PoseNatarajasananah-tuh-RAH-jah-suh-nahBalance
Eagle PoseGarudasanagah-roo-DAHS-uh-nahBalance
Extended Hand-To-Big-Toe PoseUtthita Hasta Padangusthasanaoo-TEE-tah HA-stuh puh-DANG-goosh-TAHS-uh-nahBalance
Half Moon PoseArdha ChandrasanaARE-duh chan-DRAHS-uh-nahBalance
Side Plank PoseVasisthasanavah-sish-TAHS-uh-nahBalance
Tree PoseVrikshasanavrik-SHAH-suh-nahBalance
Warrior I, II & III PoseVirabhadrasanaveer-uh-buh-DRAHS-uh-nahBalance
Bound Triangle PoseBaddha TrikonasanaBah-dah Try-koh-NAH-suh-nahForward Bend
Dolphin PoseArdha Pincha MayurasanaARE-dah PEECH-ah myoor-AHS-uh-nahForward Bend
Downward Facing Dog PoseAdho Mukha SvanasanaAH-doh MOO-kah shvah-NAH-suh-nahForward Bend
Extended Side Angle PoseUtthita Parsvakonasanaoo-TEE-tah parsh-vah-ko-NAH-suh-nahForward Bend
Gorilla PosePadahastasanapah-dah-hahs-TA-suh-nahForward Bend
Halfway Lift PoseArdha UttanasanaARE-dah ooh-tuhn-AHS-uh-nahForward Bend
Intense Side Stretch PoseParsvottanasanaparsh-voh-tahn-AHS-uh-nahForward Bend
Revolved Half Moon PoseParivrtta Ardha Chandrasanapah-reev-RIT-tah ARE-dah chan-DRAHS-uh-nahForward Bend
Revolved Wide-Legged Forward BendParivrtta Prasarita Padottanasanapah-reev-RIT-tah prah-sah-REE-tah pah-doh-tahn-AHS-uh-nahForward Bend
Squat PoseMalasanamah-lah-SAH-nahForward Bend
Standing Forward BendUttanasanaoo-tuhn-AHS-uh-nahForward Bend
Standing Head to Knee PoseDandayamana Janushirasanadon-dah-yah-MAH-nah juh-noo-shee-RAHS-uh-nahForward Bend
Standing Split PoseUrdhva Prasarita Eka PadasanaOORD-vuh prah-suh-REE-tah EH-kah puh-DAH-suh-nahForward Bend
Wide-Legged Forward Fold PosePrasarita PadottanasanaPra-sa-REE-tah pah-doh-tahn-AHS-uh-nahForward Bend
Extended Side Angle PoseUtthita Parsvakonasanaoo-TEE-tah parsh-vah-koh-NAHS-uh-nahSide Bend
Extended Triangle PoseUtthita Trikonasanaoo-TEE-tah tree-koh-NAHS-uh-nahSide Bend
Gate PoseParighasanapar-ee-GO-suh-nahSide Bend
Revolved Triangle PoseParivrtta Trikonasanapar-ee-VRR-tah tree-koh-NAHS-uh-nahSide Bend
Triangle PoseTrikonasanatree-koh-NAHS-uh-nahSide Bend
Boat PoseNavasananah-VAHS-uh-nahTwist & Ab Toners
Boat Pose TwistArdha NavasanaARE-duh nah-VAHS-uh-nahTwist & Ab Toners
Chair Pose TwistParivrtta Utkatasanapar-ee-VRR-tah ut-kah-TAHS-uh-nahTwist & Ab Toners
Low Lunge TwistParivrtta Anjaneyasanapar-ee-VRR-tah uhn-jahn-AY-uh-suh-nahTwist & Ab Toners
Revolved Chair PoseParivrtta Utkatasanapar-ee-VRR-tah ut-kah-TAHS-uh-nahTwist & Ab Toners
Revolved Half Moon PoseParivrtta Ardha Chandrasanapar-ee-VRR-tah ARE-duh chan-DRAHS-uh-nahTwist & Ab Toners
Seated Twist PoseBharadvajasanabah-ruhd-vah-JAHS-uh-nahTwist & Ab Toners
Supine Twist PoseSupta Matsyendrasanasoop-tah maht-see-en-DRAHS-uh-nahTwist & Ab Toners


    Asana Sanskrit Names & Pronunciations Organised By SEATED & FLOOR

    Cow Hold Foot Pose Tiger


    Here are the Asana Sanskrit Names and pronunciations organised by the SEATED & FLOOR poses.

    Note: The syllable to put the emphasis on is CAPITALISED (e.g. Setu Bandha Sarvangasana which is pronounced “say-too BAHN-duh sar-vuhn-GAHS-uh-nuh” has the emphasis on the fourth and sixth syllable).


    Seated & Floor Asanas

    Bridge PoseSetu Bandha Sarvangasanasay-too BAHN-duh sar-vuhn-GAHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    Bow PoseDhanurasanaDAHN-yur-AHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    Camel PoseUstrasanaOOS-truh-suh-nuhBackbend
    Cat PoseMarjaryasanamahr-jahr-ee-AHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    Cat Cow PoseMarjaryasana Bitilasanamahr-jahr-ee-AHS-uh-nuh bee-tee-LAHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    Cobra PoseBhujangasanaboo-jahn-GAHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    Crocodile PoseMakarasanamah-kah-RAHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    Fish PoseMatsyasanamaht-see-AHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    Half Bow PoseArdha DhanurasanaARE-dah don-your-AHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    King Pigeon PoseRajakapotasanarah-JAH-cuh-poh-TAHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    Locust PoseSalabhasanasah-LAHB-hah-suh-nuhBackbend
    Sphinx PoseSalamba Bhujangasanasuh-LAHM-buh boo-jahn-GAHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    Upward Dog PoseUrdhva Mukha Svanasanaoord-vuh MOO-kuh shvah-NAHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    Wheel PoseChakrasanachuck-ruh-suh-nuhBackbend
    Wild Thing PoseCamatkarasanachah-maht-kahr-AHS-uh-nuhBackbend
    Boat PoseNavasananah-VAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Bound Angle PoseBaddha KonasanaBAH-duh cone-AHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Bridge PoseSetu Bandhasanasay-TOO bahn-DHAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Crane PoseBakasanabah-KAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Crow PoseKakasanakuh-KAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Firefly PoseTittibhasanatit-tee-BAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Garland PoseMalasanamah-LAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Half Boat PoseArdha NavasanaARE-duh nah-VAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Half Lotus PoseArdha PadmasanaARE-duh pahd-MAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Happy Baby PoseAnanda Balasanauh-NAHN-duh buh-LAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Head to Knee PoseJanu SirsasanaJAH-new shear-SHAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Legs up the Wall PoseViparita Karanivip-uh-REE-tuh kuh-RAHN-eeBalance
    Lotus PosePadmasanapahd-MAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Plough PoseHalasanahah-LAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Reclining Big Toe PoseSupta PadangusthasanaSOOP-tah pah-dang-goosh-TAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Seated Forward BendPaschimottanasanapah-schim-oh-tan-AHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Seated Wide Angle PoseUpavistha Konasanaoo-pah-VEESH-tuh cone-AHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Shoulder StandSarvangasanasar-vun-GAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Supine Spinal Twist Supta MatsyendrasanaSOOP-tuh maht-see-en-DRAHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Wide-Legged Forward BendPrasarita Padottanasanaprah-suh-REE-tah pah-doh-tan-AHS-uh-nuhBalance
    Bound Angle PoseBaddha KonasanaBAH-dah koh-NAH-suh-nuhForward Bend
    Child’s PoseBalasanabah-LAHS-uh-nuhForward Bend
    Head-to-Knee Forward BendJanu SirsasanaJAH-noo shear-SHAHS-uh-nuhForward Bend
    Seated Forward FoldPaschimottanasanaPAH-she-moh-tuhn-AHS-uh-nuhForward Bend
    Wide-Legged Forward FoldUpavistha Konasanaoo-puh-VISH-tuh koh-NAH-suh-nuhForward Bend
    Forearm Stand PosePincha MayurasanaPEEN-chah my-your-AHS-uh-nuhInversion
    Handstand PoseAdho Mukha VrksasanaAH-doh MOO-kuh vrik-SHAHS-uh-nuhInversion
    Headstand Pose Sirsasanashear-SHAHS-uh-nuhInversion
    Legs-Up-The-Wall PoseViparita Karanivee-puh-REE-tah kah-RAHN-eeInversion
    Plough PoseHalasanahah-LAHS-uh-nuhInversion
    Shoulder Stand PoseSarvangasanasar-vuhn-GAHS-uh-nuhInversion
    Supported Headstand PoseSalamba Sirsasanasuh-LAHM-buh sheer-SHAHS-uh-nuhInversion
    Supported Shoulder StandSalamba Sarvangasanasuh-LAHM-buh sar-vuhn-GAHS-uh-nuhInversion
    Tripod Headstand PoseSirsasana IIshear-SHAHS-uh-nuhInversion
    Gate PoseParighasanapuh-REE-guh-suh-nuhSide Bend
    Seated Side Bend Parsva SukhasanaPARS-vuh soo-KAH-suh-nuhSide Bend
    Extended Side Angle PoseUtthita ParsvakonasanaOOT-thee-tah PARSH-vah-KOH-nah-suh-nahSide Bend
    Boat PoseNavasananah-vah-suh-nuhAb Toner
    Crow PoseBakasanabah-KAH-suh-nuhAb Toner
    Dolphin Pose Ardha Pincha MayurasanaARE-duh PEEN-chuh my-YOO-ruh-suh-nuhAb Toner
    Plank PosePhalakasanaphuh-luh-KAHS-uh-nuhAb Toner
    Seated Twist Ardha MatsyendrasanaARE-duh maht-see-en-DRAHS-uh-nuhAb Toner

    Next up, learn to pronounce Asana Sanskrit names organised by their animal name.

    Asana Sanskrit Names & Pronunciations Organised By ANIMALS

    Cow Pose Bitilasana

    Here is a list of yoga asanas names organised by their animal name:

    Cow Face PoseGomukhasanago-moo-KAHS-uh-nah
    Cow PoseBitilasanabee-tee-LAHS-uh-nah
    Crab PoseCatuspadapithamcha-thoosh-pa-da-PEET-ham
    Crow PoseBakasanabah-KAHS-uh-nah
    Deer PoseMrigasanamree-GAHS-uh-nah
    Dolphin Pose Ardha Pincha MayurasanaARE-dah PEEN-chah my-your-AHS-uh-nah
    Dragonfly PoseMaksikanagasanamock-see-KAN-uh-gah-suh-nah
    Eagle PoseGarudasanagah-rue-DAHS-uh-nah
    Firefly PoseTittibhasanatiht-tihb-BAHS-uh-nah
    Fish PoseMatsyasanamaht-see-AHS-uh-nah
    Flying Crow PoseGalavasanagah-lah-VAHS-uh-nah
    Frog PoseBhekasanaBAY-kah-suh-nah
    Gorilla PosePadahastasanapah-dah-hah-stuh-suh-nah
    Grasshopper PoseMaksikanagasanamock-see-KAN-uh-gah-suh-nah
    Heron PoseKrounchasanakroun-CHAHS-uh-nah
    Horse PoseVatayanasanavah-tah-yah-NAHS-uh-nah
    Lion PoseSimhasanasim-HAHS-uh-nah
    Lizard PoseUtthan PristhasanaOOTH-un prish-TAHS-uh-nah
    Locust PoseSalabhasanasha-la-BAHS-uh-nah
    Monkey Pose Hanumanasanahah-new-mahn-AHS-uh-nah
    Pigeon PoseKapotasanakah-poh-TAHS-uh-nah
    Rabbit PoseSasangasanashah-SANG-gah-suh-nah
    Scorpion Pose Vrischikasanavrik-SHEE-kah-suh-nah
    Seal Pose Balasanabah-LAHS-uh-nah
    Turtle PoseKurmasanakoor-muh-SAH-nah
    Asana Sanskrit Names & Pronunciations Organised By ANATOMY

    Yoga Anatomy Is Not A Walk In The Park

    Here is a list of yoga asanas organised by anatomy (Anga, Bhuja, Hasta, and Janu).


    Cobra PoseBhujANGAsanaboo-jahn-GAHS-uh-nahAnga (Limb)
    Four-limbed Staff PoseChaturANGA Dandasanachuh-tur-ANG-uh dahn-DAHS-uh-nahAnga (Limb)
    Shoulderstand PoseSarvANGAsanasar-vuhng-GAHS-uh-nahAnga (Limb)
    Rabbit PoseSasANGAsanashah-suhng-GAHS-uh-nahAnga (Limb)
    Cobra Pose BHUJAngasanaboo-jah-ang-gah-suh-nahBhuja (Arm)
    Shoulder-pressing PoseBHUJApidasanaboo-jah-pee-dah-suh-nahBhuja (Arm)
    Grasshopper PoseBHUJA Dandasanaboo-jah-dahn-duh-suh-nahBhuja (Arm)
    One-arm Staff Pose Eka BHUJA dandasanaay-kuh boo-jah dahn-duh-suh-nahBhuja (Arm)
    Side Arm Staff PoseParsva BHUJA dandasanaparsh-vuh boo-jah dahn-duh-suh-nahBhuja (Arm)
    Extended Hand to Big Toe PoseUtthita HASTA Padangusthasanaoo-TEE-tuh hah-stuh puh-dahn-goosh-TAHS-uh-nahHasta (Hand)
    Hand to Foot PoseHASTA PadasanaHAHS-tuh puh-DAH-suh-nahHasta (Hand)
    Hand Under Foot PosePadaHASTAsanapuh-duh-HAH-stuh-suh-nahHasta (Hand)
    Raised Arms Pose HASTA UttanasanaHAHS-tuh oo-tuhn-AHS-uh-nahHasta (Hand)
    Upward Salute PoseUrdhva HASTAsanaOORD-vuh hahs-TUH-suh-nahHasta (Hand)
    Head-to-Knee Forward Bend PoseJanu Sirsasanajah-new shear-SHAHS-uh-nahJanu (Knee)
    Knee Bending PoseJanu Namanasanajah-new nah-muh-NAH-suh-nuh-suh-nahJanu (Knee)
    Revolved Head-to-Knee Pose Parivrtta Janu Sirsasanapah-ree-VREE-tah jah-new shear-SHAHS-uh-nahJanu (Knee)
    Asana Sanskrit Names & Pronunciations Organised By SINGLE-WORD TRANSLATIONS

    When you learn the “single word translations”, the longer names of asanas start to become decipherable.

    The names of asanas derive from six main categories:

    1. Anatomy
    2. Animals
    3. Distinguishing Feature Of The Pose
    4. Deities & Sages
    5. Numbers
    6. Objects
    AnghustaAHN-goo-shtahBig ToeAnatomy
    Paschimapah-shee-mahWest direction (backside of body)Anatomy
    Pranaprah-nahBreath (life-force)Anatomy
    Purvapoo-rvahEast direction (front of body)Anatomy
    Sarvangasar-vahng-gahWhole bodyAnatomy
    Kapotakah-poh-tahPigeon (dove)Animal
    Shalabhasha-lah-bhahLocust (grasshopper)Animal
    Nirlambaneer-lahm-bahWithout supportFeature
    Prasaritaprah-sah-ree-tahSpread outFeature
    Salambasaah-lahm-bahWith supportFeature
    Suptasoop-tahReclining (sleeping)Feature
    Urdvaoor-dh-vahRaised (upward)Feature
    Uttanaoot-tah-nahIntense stretchFeature
    Utthitaoot-thee-tahExtended (stretched)Feature
    Bharadwajabuh-ruhd-wah-jahSage (Father of the archer, Drona)Deities & Sages
    Garudaguh-roo-dahKing of the eaglesDeities & Sages
    Hanumanhah-noo-mahnChief of the monkey armyDeities & Sages
    Matsyendramahts-yen-drahLord of the fishesDeities & Sages
    Marichimah-ree-cheeSon of BrahmaDeities & Sages
    Natarajana-tah-rah-jahLord of the danceDeities & Sages
    Suryasoo-ryaSun godDeities & Sages
    Virabhadravee-rah-bhah-drahGreat warriorDeities & Sages
    Asanaah-suh-nahPose (posture)Objects
    Dandadahn-dahRod (staff)Objects
    Halahah-lahPlough (plow)Objects
    Parighapah-ree-ghaGate latchObjects

    Part II: How To Recall Asanas In Sanskrit: Memory Palace

    Memory Palace Recall Asanas In Sanskrit
    Memory Palace Method for Recalling Sanskrit Asanas: Used by 8-time World Memory Champ

    There are six well-known memory techniques that can be used to learn and remember Sanskrit words:

    Memory Technique 1: Visualization
    Creating vivid mental images of the meaning of a Sanskrit word can make it easier to remember.

    Memory Technique 2: Word Association
    Associating a new Sanskrit word with a familiar word in your own language can help you remember it more easily. For example, associating “Gomukha” (cow face) with the image of a cow’s head can help you remember the meaning of the word.

    Memory Technique 3: Repetition
    Repeating a Sanskrit word several times, either out loud or in your head, can help commit it to memory.

    Memory Technique 4: Grouping
    Grouping Sanskrit words by themes, such as anatomy or animals (like I’ve done for you in this blog post), can make them easier to remember together.

    Memory Technique 5: Acronyms
    Creating an acronym or a sentence using the first letter of each Sanskrit word can help you remember a list of related words.

    Memory Technique 6: Mnemonics
    Creating a mnemonic device, such as a rhyme or a song, to remember the meaning of a Sanskrit word can make it easier to recall.

    This course uses the first four memory techniques, but I wanted to include acronyms and mnemonics in the list above in case you wanted to give them a try.

    “I highly recommend the MEMORY PALACE language learning technique used by the world-famous memory champion, Dominic O’Brien because it uses Visualization, Word Association, Repetition & Grouping.”

    Below is the Memory Palace technique:

    Step 1: Choose a familiar TOWN

    Step 1 Town
    The perfect way to store Sanskrit vocabulary is by using a detailed map of a town or village. Think of the sort of words you will be learning in Sanskrit: child, moon, staff, bow, plough, seal, boat. A town can have all these words.


    Step 2 Imagination & Association
    Let the Sanskrit “pronounced” word suggest a key image to you. For example, the Sanskrit for Cow Face Pose is Gomukhasana which is pronounced go-moo-KAHS-uh-nuh. Your key image might be a cow “go” ing “moo” because “kahs” he thinks your Cow Face pose is sensational. Concentrate on the pronunciation (phonetic sound) of the Sanskrit word, rather than the way it is spelt.

    Step 3: Place your Key Image in an Appropriate Location

    Step 3 Location
    Place your key image in an appropriate location, as suggested by the English pose name (cow). You are likely to find a cow in a field, so think of a particular field in your chosen town.

    Step 4: Combining your Key Image & Location 

    Step 4 Key Image And Location
    Imagine practising Cow Face Pose on the farmer’s field in your town. You unfurl your yoga mat and lots of cows start milling around you observing your technique. Imagine the cows “go” ing “moo” because “kahs” they think your Cow Face pose is sensational.

    Pretty cool, heh!

    The advantage of using a mental map of your TOWN as a filing system is that you can group various types of words together in different places. For example, all the animal poses can go on the farm, and all the anatomy poses (e.g. “anga” which means limb) can go in your town’s church graveyard, and all the numbers (e.g. “ashta” which means eight) can go outside the town’s accountancy firm

    Your town can expand if you need to include areas that don’t exist on the real town map. No planning permission is required. If there isn’t an accountancy firm (for the numbers), add one, or transfer one you know from somewhere else.

    Usually, the first association that comes to mind (see step 2 above) is the best one. The more exaggerated and weird the scene is, the more likely you are to remember it.

    Okay, let’s get the show on the road. You can use my associations for each pose (see the Memory Palace Cards below), but if you want to ingrain the Sanskrit into my brain even deeper, then I recommend coming up with your own associations.

    Master Sanskrit Asanas With These Memory Palace Cards

    Boat Pose (Navasana)

    Easy Boat Pose Boat Pose Memory Cues


    English Boat Pose
    Sanskrit Navasana
    Meaning Nava = boat
    Asana = pose
    Navasana = Boat Pose
    Pronunciation nah-VAHS-uh-nuh
    Memory Nah-VAHS creates a key image in my mind of the Navy. I imagine that I’m sailing a boat in my town (on a river near my house) while practising Boat Pose. All of a sudden the British (“navy”) show up commanded by Admiral Nelson wearing a silly pointed hat. He’s in the HMS Victory and starts firing cannon shots at me.


    Bound Angle Pose (Baddha Konasana)

    Bound Angle Pose Bound Angle Pose Memory Cue


    English Bound Angle Pose
    Sanskrit Baddha Konasana
    Meaning Baddha = bound
    Kona = angle Asana = pose
    Baddha Konasana = Bound Angle Pose
    Pronunciation BAH-dah cone-AHS-uh-nuh
    Memory BAH-dah con creates a key image in my mind of a bad cone of ice cream. The location for my bound poses is outside the front door of the large red-bricked Broadmoor local lunatic asylum (which I transported to my town after Googling famous lunatic asylum) because that creates a strong image of my mind of a Victorian patient bound up in a straitjacket. Remember, the more bizarre the imagery, the more likely your recall will be. I imagine practising Bound Angle Pose outside the front door of a large red-bricked Broadmoor local lunatic asylum and being given a bad cone (“BAH-dah cone“) of ice cream. I say “Yuk, that’s a BAH-dah cone” in an Italian accent, and throw the cone to the ground. The guard then bounds me in a straightjacket for my insolence.


    Cow Pose (Bitilasana)

    Cow Pose Bitilasana Cow Pose Memory Cue


    English Cow Pose
    Sanskrit Bitilasana
    Meaning Bitila = Cow
    Asana = Pose
    Bitilasana = Cow Pose
    Pronunciation bee-tee-LAHS-uh-nuh
    Memory bee-tee-l sounds like beetle. Imagine practising Cow Pose on the farmer’s field in your town. You’re doing the pose so well that you turn into a black cow and do a cow poop. A dung beetle (“bee-tee-l“) rolls it into a huge dung ball.



    Cow Face Pose (Gomukhasana)

    Cow Face Pose Gomukhasana Cowface Pose Pronounce Asanas In Sanskrit


    English Cow Face Pose
    Sanskrit Gomukhasana
    Meaning Gomukha = Cow Face
    Asana = Pose
    Gomukhasana = Cow Face Pose
    Pronunciation go-moo-KAH-suh-nuh
    Memory I I imagine practising Cow Face Pose on the farmer’s field in my town. I look into the water trough and see that I’ve turned into a cow. I “go moo” because “kahs” I’m a cow and can’t speak human.
    Memory II I imagine practising Cow Face Pose on the farmer’s field in my town. A cow comes up to me and says: “I go moon cause (go-moo-KAH) I’ve heard the grass tastes better up there”.


    A to Z Glossary Of 77 Sanskrit Asana Terms & Pronunciation: With Memory Cues

    Here is a glossary of Sanskrit terms from A to Z with memory cues to recall them effortlessly.

    Each term has a memory cue where I let the Sanskrit “pronounced” word (e.g. AH-doh) suggest a key image to me (e.g. Ah, dough). The more vivid you make the visualisation, the better the recall. So, read the memory cue, then close your eyes and use all your senses (e.g. smell Homer Simpson’s doughnut breath when recalling Ad-doh, and seeing his doughnut fly out of his hand as he falls downward).

    You will still need to use repetition – repeating the memory cue several times in your head to commit it to memory. And, if you really want to improve your recall, muster the discipline to practice the memory cues daily for the next 30 days.

    I haven’t completed all the memory cues because they work best when you create your own. Use my memory cues as a guide for creating your own.

    The syllable to put the emphasis on is CAPITALISED (e.g. “Asta” which is pronounced “AH-stah” has the emphasis on the first syllable).

    SanskritPronounceEnglish Memory Cue
    AdhoAH-dohDownwardAd-doh sounds like Ah Doh. Imagine you're a 200-foot-tall yellow Homer Simpson saying "Ah Doh" as you trip over a half-eaten doughnut and fall "downward".
    AgniAHG-neeFireAHG-nee sounds like agony. Imagine being in "agony" because your knee is on "fire".
    Anantaah-NAHN-tahEternalah-NAHN-tah sounds like a nun. Imagine Mother Teressa, "a nun", floating up to "eternal" heaven and saying "tah" (thanks) when the gates to heaven are opened.
    AngeUHN-guhLimbUHN-guh sounds like hungry. Imagine you're so "hungry" that you start eating your own "limb" (e.g. arm).
    Apanaah-PAH-nahEnergy flowAh-PAH-nah sounds like a panda. Imagine "a panda" moving "energetically" (which they never do).
    ArdhaAH-rduhHalfAH-rduh sounds like harder. Imagine it's "harder" to eat "half" rations a day when you're on a diet.
    Asanauh-SAH-nuhPoseUh-SAH-nuh sounds like sauna. Imagine practising Down Dog "pose" in a hot "sauna".
    AstaAH-stahEightAH-stah sounds like what Arnold Schwarzenegger says in Terminator. Imagine Arnold saying "Hasta La Vista Baby" because you started your yoga practice at 8 pm.
    Baddhabah-dahBoundbah-dah sounds like bad day. Imagine having a "bad day" because a robber has snuck into your yoga class and "bound" you with rope.
    BhekaBAY-kahFrogBAY-kah sounds like baking. Imagine a frog baking in hot water.
    Bhujabhoo-jahArmbhoo-jah sounds like what someone would say when pulling the arm of a slot machine and winning the jackpot.
    Bhujangaboo-jahn-guhCobraboo-jahn-guh sounds like jenga. Imagine a cobra saying "boo" when he removes a block from the tower (with his forked tongue) and it comes crashing down.
    Chandrachuhn-druhMoonchuhn-druh sounds like Chan. Imagine Jacky Chan in a drunken karate fight on the moon.
    EkaEH-kahOne, Single
    Gomukhago-MOO-kahCow Face
    Halahuh-luhPlow, Plough
    Kukkutakoo-koo-tahCock, Rooster
    LolaLOH-luhPendant, Swinging
    Padangusthapah-duhng-goosh-tuhBig Toe
    Paschimapash-chee-maaBack, West
    PinchaPin-chaTail feather
    Prasaritapruh-suh-REE-tuhSpread, Stretched Out
    Purvopoo-rohEast, Front of body
    RajaRAH-juhKing, Royal
    UtkataOOT-KAH-tuhAwkward, Fierce
    Uttanaoot-TAH-nuhIntense, Stretch
    VajraVAHJ-ruhLightning bolt
    Viparitavee-puh-REE-tuhInverted, Reverse
    ViraVEE-ruhBrave, Hero

    George’s Conclusion

    George's Conclusion

    Phew! Well done for practising your Asana Sanskrit pronunciation. When you start remembering the Sanskrit for the Asanas that you teach, you’ll be much more confident when teaching your classes.

    Keep repeating the pronunciation for each Asana over and over and over and over and over and over again while using the Memory Palace technique. Learning how to pronounce Asaanas in Sanskrit is just like a Yoga practice. You need to practice, practice, practice.

    You can access all 101 of the Asanas (and 3000+ more) by going to my free Yoga Pose Directory. Each Asana includes a Yoga stick figure, video, Sanskrit name, English name, modifications, precautions and teaching tips. The Yoga Pose Directory also has hundreds of pranayama, mudras, meditations, mantras, and guided relaxations.

    And if you’re a yoga teacher and want to streamline your yoga lesson planning process, check out my online Yoga Genie Lesson Planner.

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